Volume IV

Joyce R. Blueford, Ph.D.

ART WORK: Rita Anselmo, Joyce R. Blueford, Angela Montez
: Doris Raia, Scott Hassler
WEB DESIGN: David Lundeen, Doris Raia


Debbie Davidson, BS, Wildlife Biology
Susan Dutcher, BS, Education
James Gonzales, BS, M.D. Chemistry, Surgery
Angela Montez, MS, Urban Planning
Katherine Keleher, MS Education
Scott Hassler, Ph.D. Geology


Since 1983, the concepts presented in this teacher manual have been developed and tested at three elementary school sites in the San Francisco Bay Area (Blacow Elementary, Fremont; McNair Elementary, East Palo Alto, and Federal Terrace Elementary, Vallejo). Special thanks to John Melendez, principal at Blacow Elementary School in Fremont, who allowed this innovative program to be tested at his school. The teachers, students, and parents at these schools have helped tremendously in developing and piloting these lesson plans. Grants from the Gerbode Foundation, San Francisco Foundation, Stulsaft, and the California License Plate Program helped provide funds for the development of many of these units. The Minority Participation in the Earth Science Program of the U.S. Geological Survey provided not only financial support, but also contributed many resources in piloting this program in low-income area schools. Jane Wallace of the U.S. Geological Survey devoted endless hours to get the I. Science Mate Program in elementary schools. These laboratory exercises have been tested and revised many times, to provide materials and lessons for teachers that work.

This book would not have been possible without the help and aid of Angela Montez, Jo Marshall, Cynthia Kelly, Cherese LeBlanc, Leslie Gordon, Elizabeth Looney, Renata Tervalon, Rip Goudy, Jennifer Duran, Linda Flores, Sara Tarr-Weaver, Milagro Orantes, Bob Berringer, Forrest Dobbs, Mary Binkley, Alicia Freeborn, Elizabeth Ramsey, Cecelia Leon, Cheryl Blea, Gilbert Yee, Gail Peterson, Phyllis Beyer, Joyce Greene, Norma Richey, Phyllis Meyer, Christine Walker, Eva Pennington, Pat Heer, Celmira Blea, Eleanor Petker, Alicia Freeborn, Mary Juba, and Margaret Ritchi, and to all the other countless people who helped with the development and dissemination of this program.

This book is dedicated to all the students at Blacow Elementary School in Fremont (1983-1987) and Ronald McNair School in East Palo Alto (1984-1988). Their questions help to guide the teaching of the rock cycle effectively, yet still having fun.


We would also like to thank the following organizations, companies, and individuals who have provided graphics for this electronic version.

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