Second Grade NGSS
Plants, Growth, Pollination

 

Exploring the elements of a garden to attract pollinators

OBJECTIVES:
  • Designing a garden that brings back pollinators.
  • Creating a model of your design.
 

 VOCABULARY
·         Host plants
·        
Design

 

MATERIALS: 
·         tools to help build mode
·        
Shape it molding
·       https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MQiszdkOwuU   
·        
Attracting pollinators (pdf) 
·         Pollinator Garden ppt

BACKGROUND:

Animals can roam about and seek mates with whom to reproduce, but imagine the challenge for a plant, rooted firmly to the ground, to achieve the same end. Pollinators, which include thousands of insect species (bees, tiny wasps, butterflies, beetles, and flies) and other animals (such as hummingbirds and bats), unwittingly move pollen from the male anther of one flower to the female stigma of another as they search for sweet, nourishing nectar and fat- and protein-rich pollen.

Pollinator Flower Preferences

 

Pollinators

Flower Preferences

Bees

Did you know? There are about 4,000 species of native bees in the U.S. ranging in length from less than one eighth of an inch to more than one inch. Most of these bees are "solitary" nesting and, having no hive to defend (as do nonnative honeybees), they are unlikely to sting!

Yellow, blue, purple flowers. There are hundreds of types of bees that come in a variety of sizes and have a range of flower preferences. They can't see red, but are attracted to some red flowers, such as bee balm, that reflect ultraviolet light. Small bees, which have short tongues, prefer packed clusters of tiny flowers (e.g., marigold, daisy, butterfly weed, aromatic herbs).

Butterflies

Red, orange, yellow, pink, blue flowers. They need to land before feeding, so like flat-topped clusters (e.g., zinnia, calendula, butterfly weed, yarrow, daisy) in a sunny location. They also need food sources for larvae and places to lay eggs. These include milkweed, aster, lupine, thistle, fennel, violets, hollyhock, black-eyed Susan.

Moths

Light-colored flowers that open at dusk such as evening primrose.

Pollinating beetles

They prefer wide-open flowers, such as aster, sunflower, rose, and butterfly weed.

Flies

Green, white, or cream flowers. They have short tongues, so prefer simple-bowl shapes.

Hummingbirds

Red, orange, purple/red tubular flowers with lots of nectar (e.g., honeysuckle, sage, fuchsia, jewelweed, fireweed, cardinal flower, bee balm, nasturtium, century plant). No landing areas are needed since they hover while feeding.

Bats

(Pollinating bats are found primarily in the Southwest)

Large, light-colored, night-blooming flowers with strong fruity odor (e.g., many types of cactus).

 

PROCEDURE:

    1.  Talk about the design of pollinator gardens.   Go over things you should consider:
      1. Pollinators require nectar and pollen rich flowers
      2. Flowers should range in shape and sizes
      3. Flowers should bloom throughout the season
      4. Provide overwintering places for eggs and larvae
      5. Provide water
      6. Avoid chemicals that might harm pollinators

 

    1. Talk about design including that you need seasonal sequence of flowers.  UC Davis report claims that you need a minimum of 20 plant types that bloom throughout the year.  Selecting plants over the year insures that each pollinator will have food.  Here in California the weather is mild enough for pollinators to survive even in our winter.
    1.  Use “Shape It” in containers for students to design a garden.  They can use the materials provided to make pathways, leveled areas for different types of plants that will attract pollinators. 

 

 

Return to NGSS Model