Life Cycle - Natural Environment (1B)
Post Lab 

  • Exploring habitats of birds.
  • Discovering why birds are important.
  • birds
  • habitat
  • worksheet

Students use worksheets to learn about birds' habitats.



Water Birds include birds that can dive with ease and can swim underwater but are nearly helpless on land.  These include loons, grebes, herons, egrets, cormorants, and pelicans.  

Ducks, swans, and geese are also part of the waterfowl, but are usually found in marshlands.  They are usually sociable and migrate in flocks. 

Shorebirds  include plovers, sandpipers, gulls, and terns.   Most of these birds are found feeding at the water's edge or in fields. 

Birds of prey are nature's hunters which include the vultures, hawks falcons, owls and osprey. 

Land birds refers to birds that live on the ground with stout bills and strong legs.  Their short, rounded wings carry them on brief bursts of flight to escape danger.  Included in this groups are grouse, quails, pheasants and turkeys.  Pigeons, doves, cuckoos are also part of this group.

Songbirds are considered perching birds.  This is a large grouping of birds that includes ravens, mockingbirds, and most of the common birds. You can almost call this group wire or fencepost sitters.

Birds of a forest spend much of their time feeding in the forest, utilizing the trees for food, protection, and nesting. 

Birds are important to humans for many reasons.  The common chicken is a bird which is used for eggs and meat.  Other birds are used for meat also.   Many small birds help plants to pollinate.  Predators like the owl are great rodent control.  And birds are pleasing to the ear as well as sight.  Imagine a world without birds!

  1. By this time, your students should have become quite interested in birds.   Use the difference pictures of birds to have the students guess what each of the birds have in common.  You can either make copies of the worksheets or project them for the entire class to discuss. 
  2. For each of the pictures you should discuss the following:
    Birds of the Seashore: All the birds have long bills and wading feet to help them eat and walk along the shore.  Most of the birds have long legs that helps them keep stable in the muddy shores.

    Fencepost, Birds of the Forest, and Group Wire: All the birds have perching feet, but otherwise they can vary significantly.
    Birds of the Marsh are similar to birds of a seashore with respect to their feet. Some birds  do have perching feet, that would sit in the marsh plants.  However,  they have varied bills because there are several food sources in a marsh that you cannot find along the shore.
    Birds of the Ocean: These birds have webbed swimming feet.  They usually have bills that help them filter feed the small organisms that live in the water. 

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