Life Cycle - Human Biology (5B)
Post Lab 

   
OBJECTIVES:
  • Defining different components of the medical profession.
  • Exploring different types of doctors. 
VOCABULARY:
  • doctor
  • medicine
MATERIALS:

Students investigate what it means to be a doctor.

BACKGROUND:

Medical doctors are an integral part of a child's life.  They are the people that children constantly see as professionals and they tend to look up to them.  There are a large number of students who want to become doctors when they grow up, yet few achieve this goal.  Low income students especially want to become doctors, but many do not realize how long it takes or how much science it requires in order to achieve this goal.

There are many branches of anatomy that one can specialize in, in order to become a doctor.  However, a base overview of the body would include taking classes in gross anatomy (dissection of entire body), histology (microscopic structure of organs and tissues), developmental anatomy (study of growth), comparative anatomy (organ systems of various organisms), genetics (study of heredity), and systematic anatomy  (organ systems).  The study of the skeletal system is called osteology; of joints, arthrology; of the muscular system, myology; the skin, dermatology; the nervous system, neurology; the circulatory system, angiology; the endocrine system, endocrinology; the internal organs collectively comprising the digestive, respiratory, urinary, and reproductive system, splanchnology. There are many more subdivisions that you may want to go over.

Becoming a doctor is a long and expensive process.  In many cases it takes over 10 years after high school to become qualified to be a doctor.  Doctors may specialize in certain fields after their general internship which can include obstetrics (pre-natal mother care), gynecology (women organs), ophthalmology (doctor of the eye), orthopedics (bone), pediatrics (child doctor), podiatry (foot doctor), psychiatry (mind doctor), and urology (urinary system).

PROCEDURE:
  1. Ask students how many of them want to be doctors when they grow up.  Donít be surprised if a majority of the class raises their hand.  It is common for young children to respect doctors, because it is doctors who make them feel better when they are sick.  (And besides, it sounds good!)
      
  2. However, many students do not realize how many types of doctors there are.  In this exercise we want the students to research the many types of medical doctors that  one can make a profession from.
  3. Students should ready My Belly Hurts by James J. Gonzales, M.D. This should give students a perspective of how doctors use their skills to determine an illness. 
      
  4. Donít limit this search to just doctors.  Students should realize that there are many different professions from nurses to ambulance drivers that need a level of medical knowledge.

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