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 Pythagoras

Humans have been studying numbers for a long time trying to make sense out of them.  Many relate them to spiritual events.  Pythagoras (582-507 BC) was a philosopher that studied properties of numbers similar to number theory of today.  He spent most of his life in the Mediterranean area in Europe including Greece, Egypt, and Italy.  He was fascinated by mathematics developed from Mesopotamians and felt that numbers held the answers to many questions. He looked at even and odd numbers, triangular numbers, perfect numbers, and tried to make understand of them.  Pythagoras and his followings would look into whether numbers has masculine or feminine traits including whether they were beautiful or ugly.  For example, ten was a beautiful number because if you add the first 4 digits it equals 10 [1 + 2 + 3 + 4 = 10].  Pythagoreans observed vibrating strings (in musical instrumentals) produce harmonious tones when the ratios of the lengths of the strings are whole numbers, and these ratios were applied to other instruments. The Pythagoreans studied different subjects from astronomy and music, always looking for relationships.  Their conclusion was that the world should be reduced to numbers and are related to each other.

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