The Hope Diamond is a special deep blue colored diamond. Its color
comes from the presence of small amounts of boron (B) in the crystal
structure. The Hope Diamond has an interesting and tragic history. Its
story began in India in 1668, when a French traveler, Jean-Baptiste
Tavernier, acquired a crudely cut 112 3/16_carat blue diamond. Some
sources say Tavernier stole the gem from the eye of a temple statue.
Tavernier returned to France, where he sold the gem to King Louis XIV of
France in 1668. Tavernier soon went bankrupt. He decided to return to
India, but almost drowned during the sea voyage. He died soon after
arriving, supposedly being eaten by wild dogs.
The Hope Diamond, surrounded by 16 smaller white diamonds